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Oracle Golden Gate to Apache Kafka to Apache NiFi to JDBC Data Sink

Oracle -> GoldenGate -> Apache Kafka -> Apache NiFi / Hortonworks Schema Registry -> JDBC Database
Sometimes you need to process any number of table changes sent from tools via Apache Kafka. As long as they have proper header data and records in JSON, it's really easy in Apache NiFi.
Requirements:
  1. Process Each Partition Separately
  2. Process Records in Order as each message is an Insert, Update or Delete to an existing table in our receiving JDBC store.
  3. Re-process if data lost
For The Main Processor for Routing, It must only run on the Primary Node.
Enforcing Order
We use the Kafka.Offset to order the records, which makes sense in Apache Kafka topics.
After Insert, Update, Delete queries are built, let's confirm and enforce that strict ordering.
To further confirm processing in order, we make each connection in the flow FirstInFirstOutPrioritizer.

To Route, We Route Each Partition to A Different Processor Group (One Local, The Other Remote)
Let's Store Some Data in HDFS for each Table
Connect To Kafka and Grab From our Topic
Let's Connect to our JDBC Store
Let's do an Update (Table Name is Dynamic)
The Jolt Processor has an awesome tester for trying out Jolt

Make sure we connect our remote partitions

Routing From Routing Server (Primary Node)
For Processing Partition 0 (Run on the Routing Server)
We infer the schema with our InferAvroSchema, so we don't need to know the embedded table layouts before a record arrives. In production it makes sense to know all these in advance and do integration tests and versioning of schemas. This is where Hortonworks Scheme Registry is awesome. We name the avro record after the table dynamically. We can get and store permanent schema in the Hortonworks Schema Registry.
Process The Next Partition 1 .. (We can have one server or cluster per partition)
Process the Partition 1 Kafka Records from the Topic

This Flow Will Convert Our Embedded JSON Table Record into New SQL
Input: {"ID":2001,"GD":"F","DPTID":2,"FIRSTNAME":"Tim","LAST":"Spann"}
Output: INSERT INTO THETABLE (ID, GD, DPTID, FIRSTNAME, LAST) VALUES (?, ?, ?, ?, ?)
sql.args.5.value Spann
sql.table THETABLE
With all the field being parameters for a SQL Injection safe parameter based insert, update or delete based on control sent.
Golden Gate Messages
{"table": "SCHEMA1.TABLE7","op_type": "I","op_ts": "2017-11-01 04:31:56.000000","current_ts": "2017-11-01T04:32:04.754000","pos": "00000000310000020884","after": {"ID":1,"CODE": "B","NAME":"STUFF","DESCR" :"Department","ACTIVE":1}}
Using a simple EvaluateJsonPath we pull out these control fields, example: $.before.
The Table Name for ConvertJSONtoSQL${table:substringAfter('.')}. This is to remove all leading schema / tablespace name. From the drop down for each of the three we pick either UPDATEINSERT or DELETE based on the op_type.
We follow this with a PutSQL which will execute on our destination JDBC database sink.
After that I collect all the attributes convert them to a JSON flowfile and save that to HDFS for logging and reporting. This step could be skipped or could be in another format or sent elsewhere.
Control Fields
pos: position
table: table to update in the data warehouse
current_ts: time stamp
op_ts: time stamp
op_type: operation type (I – insert, U- update, D – delete)
Important Apache NiFi System Fields
kafka.offset
kafka.partition
kafka.topic
We can Route and process these for special handling.
To Create HDFS Directories for Changes
  1. su hdfs <br>hdfs dfs -mkdir -p /new/T1 <br>hdfs dfs -mkdir -p /new/T2 <br>hdfs dfs -mkdir -p /poc/T3
  2. hdfs dfs -chmod -R 777 /new <br>hdfs dfs -ls -R /new
To Create a Test Apache Kafka Topic
  1. ./bin/kafka-topics.sh --create \
  2. --zookeeper localhost:2181 \
  3. --replication-factor 1 \
  4. --partitions 2 \
  5. --topic goldengate

Creating a MYSQL Database As Recipient JDBC Server
  1. wget https://dev.mysql.com/get/Downloads/Connector-J/mysql-connector-java-5.1.45.tar.gz
  2. mysql
  3. create database mydw;
  4. CREATE USER 'nifi'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'MyPassWordIsSoAwesome!!!!';
  5. GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'nifi'@'%' WITH GRANT OPTION;
  6. commit;
  7. SHOW GRANTS FOR 'nifi'@'%';
  8.  
  9.  
  10. #Create some tables in the database for your records.
  11.  
  12.  
  13. create table ALOG (
  14. AID VARCHAR(1),
  15. TIMESEC INT,
  16. SOMEVAL VARCHAR(255),
  17. PRIMARY KEY (AID, TIMESEC)
  18. );
Jolt Filter
Attribute: afterJolt
${op_type:equalsIgnoreCase("D"):ifElse("none", "after")}
Attribute: beforeJolt
${op_type:equalsIgnoreCase("D"):ifElse("before", "none")}
Jolt Script to Transform JSON
  1. [ {
  2. "operation": "shift",
  3. "spec": {
  4. "${beforeJolt}": {
  5. "*": "&"
  6. },
  7. "${afterJolt}": {
  8. "*": "&"
  9. }
  10. }
  11. }, {
  12. "operation": "shift",
  13. "spec": {
  14. "*": "&"
  15. }
  16. } ]

Primary Node Flow Template

Partition X Node Flow Template

References: